What body areas can be treated with prolotherapy?


Prolotherapy can strengthen ligaments and enthesis (the region where the ligament attached to the bone). In theory, all joints that are supported by ligament can be treated with prolotherapy. The limitation is mainly anatomical, when the joint is not assessable because it is either too deep or is covered by blood vessels or nerve tissues, e.g. the intervertebral discs. Areas of the body that can be treated with prolotherapy include the head, neck and temporomandibular joints (TMJs); the spine, sacroiliac joints and pubic bones; the shoulders, elbows, wrists, hands and fingers; the hips, knees, ankles, feet and toes and a myriad of other areas. A musculoskeletal physician should be able to tell which joints are assessable and which joints respond better to prolotherapy.